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Madrid


The capital of Spain, Madrid offers a population of almost 3.2 million (6.3 million in the Madrid metropolitan area), making it the third-largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin. Its metropolitan area is the third-largest in the European Union after London and Paris. Its residents are called Madrileños.

Located on the Manzanares River in the center of both the country and the Community of Madrid (which comprises the city of Madrid, its conurbation and extended suburbs and villages); this community is bordered by the autonomous communities of Castile and León and Castile-La Mancha. As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is also the political, economic and cultural center of Spain. The current mayor is Ana Botella from the People's Party (PP).

The Madrid urban agglomeration has the third-largest GDP in the European Union and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, environment, media, fashion, science, culture, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities. Due to its economic output, high standard of living, and market size, Madrid is considered the major financial center of Southern Europe and the Iberian Peninsula; it hosts the head offices of the vast majority of the major Spanish companies, such as Telefónica, Iberia or Repsol. 

Madrid houses the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization (WTO), belonging to the United Nations Organization (UN), the SEGIB, the Organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), and the Public Interest Oversight Board (PIOB). It also hosts major international regulators of Spanish: the Standing Committee of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), the Cervantes Institute and the Foundation of Urgent Spanish (Fundéu BBVA). 

While Madrid possesses a modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighborhoods and streets. Its landmarks include the Royal Palace of Madrid; the Royal Theatre with its restored 1850 Opera House; the Buen Retiro Park, founded in 1631; the 19th-century National Library building (founded in 1712) containing some of Spain's historical archives; a large number of national museums, and the Golden Triangle of Art, located along the Paseo del Prado and comprising three art museums: Prado Museum, the Reina Sofía Museum, a museum of modern art, and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, which completes the shortcomings of the other two museums. Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become the monument symbol of the city.

A great part of the city is owned by mutant Miguel "El Conquistador" Provenza.

Districts

Contemporary Madrid came into its own after the death of general Francisco Franco. Reaction against the dictatorial bureaucracy centered in Madrid and a history of centralism that predated Franco by centuries has resulted in the successful modern movement towards increased autonomy for the regions of Spain, considered as autonomous regions, under the umbrella of Spain.

Madrid is divided into 21 districts (distritos), which are further subdivided into 128 wards (barrios). Each district is governed by a body named Junta Municipal de Distrito. 

Arganzuela

(Are-Gon-Zuela)

WardsImperial, Acacias, La Chopera, Legazpi, Delicias, Palos de Moguer, Atocha.

Atocha

(Ah-toe-cha)

Atocha covers a large area and is bordered by the Huertas and Lavapiés districts. It contains several notable cultural institutions including the Reina Sofía Museum. Also located here is the central bus terminal and the Atocha Railway Station, one of two main train stations in Madrid (the other is located in Chamartín). This was the main site of the train bombings carried out on March 11, 2004. Atocha was also the site of the 1977 Massacre of Atocha.

Barajas

(Ba-ra-ha-s)

WardsAlameda de Osuna, Aeropuerto, Casco Histórico de Barajas, Timón, Corralejos.

Madrid-Barajas Airport is located in the district.

Carabanchel

(Car-ah-bahn-chel)

WardsAbrantes, Buenavista, Comillas, Opañel, Puerta Bonita, San Isidro, Vista Alegre.

The area was the scene of fierce fighting during the Spanish Civil War -especially in November 1936, during the Battle of Madrid, when Nationalist troops tried to fight their way into the area. Unaccustomed to street fighting, they took heavy casualties. For the remainder of the Siege of Madrid, the front lines ran through the streets of Carabanchel, until Republican Madrid fell in March 1939.

It was home of Spain's most notorious prison (Carabanchel Prison), which housed many political prisoners during the Franco era. The prison was closed in 1998.

Carabanchel is among the most diverse neighborhoods in the country, with a large population of immigrants, mostly from North Africa but also some from South America and Eastern Europe, as well as native-born Spaniards.

Centro

Wards: Palacio, Embajadores, Cortes, Justicia, Universidad, Sol.

Centro is the central district of the city of Madrid, Spain. It is approximately 5,23 km² in size. It has a population of 149,718 and a population density of 28434,8/km².

Cortes

This small district is notable for housing the Congreso de los Diputados, the lower house of the Spanish parliament. Other notable sites include the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, the Banco de España, the Café del Círculo de Bellas Artes, the Zarzuela Theater and the Plaza de Cibeles.

Huertas

(Where-tas)

(or Barrio de las letras) This neighbourhood is west of the Paseo del Prado and north of Calle Atocha. Having once been the home and popular hangout of writers such as Miguel de Cervantes and Calderon de la Barca, Huertas is now considered Madrid's literary neighbourhood. One prominent landmark is the house where Cervantes died in 1616. The neighbourhood is now a popular nightlife spot and tourist destination.

Embajadores

(Em-ba-ha-door-es)

Lavapiés 

(Lava-pee-ays)

Traditionally one of the poorer neighborhoods near the city center, this district has maintained much of true 'Madrileño' spirit of the past. Lavapiés is one of the areas with a high concentration of immigrants (mainly Chinese, Arabs, Hindi, Africans and Caribbeans), and also tends to attract artists and writers adding to the cosmopolitan mix. The presence of immigrants has led to an inevitable variety of shops and restaurants - this is a good place for good and cheap restaurants of local and international food. It's also one of the best places to search for non-Spanish foodstuff, (herbs and spices etc.)

Justicia

Chueca

Chueca is well known as a centre of gay culture in Madrid. Chueca is just a square sited in a central neighbourhood in Madrid named Justicia. It lies just to the north of the old city, with its metro station "Chueca." Justicia is very lively, with many street cafes and boutique shops; Lonely Planet describes it as "extravagantly gay, lively young, and always inclusive regardless of your sexual orientation."

The neighbourhood has become a popular area for Madrid's gay community, with a lot of LGBT or LGBT-friendly shops. Since Madrid's serving as host of the 2007 Europride, the Gay Pride march has evolved to the biggest gay festival in the world. For five days at the beginning of the summer, Chueca is an appealing place containing five stages located at various plazas, as well as hundreds of outdoor bars, allowing hundreds of thousands to revel in the open air. In 2012 more than 300,000 foreigners travelled to Madrid for the LGBT celebrations, with most of them having visited and enjoyed Chueca.

Palacio

Gran Vía 

As the name implies, the Gran Vía district contains one of Madrid's most important avenues, the Gran Vía (literally, "Great Way"). First and foremost it is a shopping street; however it also contains a number of tourist accommodations, plenty of nightlife (all of Madrid's large goth scene gravitates around Gran Via, for instance), many of Madrid's largest movie theaters and live musical shows. It is also a hub for Madrid's red-light district, linking as it does many side streets. One of these streets, Fuencarral has become a link between the old shopping areas of the center of the city, the Bohemian Malasaña, and the hip Chueca district, making of it one of the most cosmopolitan areas of the city.

Vincci Capitol Hotel

Built in Callao Square between 1931 and 1933 by Luis Martínez-Feduchi Ruiz and Vicente Eced y Eced for Enrique Carrión y Vecín, Marquess de Melín, an aristocrate-businessman. The building was widely advertised long before the start of construction.

A massive 14-storey "flatiron" was supposed to house 63 private apartments, a hotel with spacious bar, restaurant, and soda fountain and a 2000-seat movie theatre. The facade was covered with granite and marble panels.

The main entrance was an eye-catcher, ground floor looking much "thinner" than upper floors. Behind the glass doors were luxurious air-conditioned interiors, furnished and decorated by the Rolaco-Mac company.

In 1950s - 1990s the majestic facade was partly hidden behind numerous neon signs and advertisements.

In 2007 the reconstruction was finished and the Carrión (today better known as the Capitol, for the movie theatre, or  "Schweppes building", for its largest neon sign) emerged in its old glory.

Opera

As the name implies, Madrid's main Opera Theatre is the Teatro Real (Royal theatre). In front of the theatre is the Royal Palace. The Royal Palace is no longer used as a residence, but it has been kept intact since it last functioned as home to the King, serving as a cultural monument and occasionally used for state functions. The entire palace is not open to the public, but most of the more important rooms can be visited. The palace is interesting in its own right, in particular its architecture and gardens (there are two, the Jardines del Moro and the Sabattini gardens). There are also some excellent frescos inside the palace by Tiépolo, and paintings by Velázquez, Goya, Rubens, El Greco, Juan de Flandes and Caravaggio, among others. This palace is known for being one of larger palaces in Europe; it's actually larger than Versailles Palace.

Universidad (Malasaña)

This neighbourhood is famous for its nightlife, and for having been the main hub of the Movida in the 70s and 80s. Malasaña is an area of Madrid with a creative and countercultural scene. Centred on Plaza del Dos de Mayo, it is reminiscent of Camden Town in London, the East Village in New York City or Baixa do Porto in Oporto. However despite its similarities, Malasaña is a distinct neighbourhood.

Chamartín

WardsEl Viso, Prosperidad, Ciudad Jardín, Hispanoamérica, Nueva España, Castilla.

It is bounded by the Paseo de la Castellana to the west, the Autopista de Circunvalación M-30 to the north and east, and the Autovía A-2 to the south.

Some of the landmarks of Chamartin are the Gate of Europe, a pair of inclined office buildings; the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, home of the football team Real Madrid; Chamartín Station, the second largest train station in Madrid; the Cuatro Torres Business Area, a business park that comprises the four tallest skyscrapers in Spain; and the National Auditorium of Music (the main concert hall in Madrid) which hosts the Spanish National Orchestra.

The district has the head office of Iberia Airlines and the head office of Iberia Express.

Chamberí

WardsGaztambide, Arapiles, Trafalgar, Almagro, Vallehermoso, Ríos Rosas.

Almagro

Alonso Martínez

This district contains the large Plaza de Colón. This plaza commemorates Christopher Columbus, who was responsible for ushering in the Spanish imperial golden age of the 16th and 17th centuries. It is within walking distance of the main cultural and commercial areas of the city such as the Prado museum, the expansive Parque del Buen Retiro and the business center on the lower part of the Paseo de la Castellana.

Ciudad Lineal

WardsVentas, Pueblo Nuevo, Quintana, La Concepción, San Pascual, San Juan Bautista, Colina, Atalaya, Costillares.

Its name, Linear City, comes from the model of organization by the Spanish architect Arturo Soria y Mata, the linear city, based on the idea of the line. The main street in the district has his name, Arturo Soria street.

Costillares

Pinar de Chamartín is a neighborhood in north Madrid most famous for its Madrid Metro station. It is near the northern border of city limits, but still within them, so its station is located in fare Zone A.

The station is the terminus for Line 1, Line 4 and the Metro Ligero line 1. As the 1 is one of the most important lines in all of Madrid, the 4 serves the local area of Hortaleza, and the ML1 serves the nearby Cercanías station in the new and expanding neighborhood of Sanchinarro, this station sees a high amount of traffic for being in a relatively low-population neighborhood far removed from the city center.

Fuencarral-El Pardo

WardsEl Pardo, Fuentelarreina, Peñagrande, Barrio del Pilar, La Paz, Valverde, Mirasierra, El Goloso.

Fuencarral-El Pardo is the district number 8 and consists of the following neighborhoods: El Pardo (81), Fuentelarreina (82), Peñagrande (83), Pilar (84), La Paz (85), Valverde (86), Mirasierra (87) and El Goloso (88).

Despite its being a part of a capital city, the northern part of El Pardo is an ecologically important landscape, having been preserved as a royal hunting estate. The European Union has designated the Monte de El Pardo as a Special Protection Area for bird-life.

El Pardo

The ward was first mentioned in 1405 and in 1950 was an autonomous municipality of the Community of Madrid. One of the most notable buildings is the "Royal Palace of El Pardo", built in 1406 by the order of King Henry III of Castile. It was the first large edifice built in the area.

The Palace of El Pardo was the residence of General Franco when he was head of the Spanish State.

La Paz

CTBA

The Cuatro Torres Business Area is the new financial district of Madrid, the area will be composed by four skyscrapers. The tallest of them is the Repsol tower (250 m/820 ft), designed by Sir Norman Foster. When they finish the construction of the building, it will be the tallest skyscraper in Spain and the 3rd in Europe. The second tallest skyscraper,'Crystal Tower', is only 0.6 metres (2 ft) lower than Repsol tower, with 249.4 metres (818.2 ft), it will be the 4th tallest skyscraper of Europe. This building has being designed by Cesar Pelli. The third tallest skyscraper is the 'Sacyr-Vallehermoso' tower with 235 metres (771 ft) and designed by Enrique Alvarez & Carlos Rubio. This building will have a 5 star hotel on the first 31 floors and will be the 5th tallest tower in Europe. Finally, the fourth building will be 'Espacio tower'. It is 223 metres (732 ft) long and it is designed by I.M. Pei. The four skyscrapers will be finished during 2008. Currently, the tallest tower is the 'Espacio Tower' because it is more advanced in construction than the other three towers.

Hortaleza

WardsPalomas, Valdefuentes, Canillas, Pinar del Rey, Apóstol Santiago, Piovera.

A residential district in the north. Other buildings and areas include the headquarters of the Spanish Olympic Committee, the IFEMA (Madrid's main trade fair centre) and Juan Carlos I Park, a park between Campo de las Naciones (commercial district) and Barajas. Mar de Cristal is a tube station in Hortaleza district with an airport connection.

Latina

WardsLos Cármenes, Puerta del Ángel, Lucero, Aluche, Las Águilas, Campamento, Cuatro Vientos.

In and around this area are the origins of Madrid. Its difficult to put precise boundaries on La Latina, because, like its immediate neighbors, streets are narrow and winding. There are quite a few nightlife spots, though the neighborhood is best known as having one of the best concentrations of tapas bars (particularly on the Cava Baja and Cava Alta). There are also a number of attractive churches, like the Iglesia de San Andres and the Iglesia de San Francisco el Grande,. On Sundays and major holidays, the famous Rastro flea-market begins on the eastern edge of La Latina, spilling out of the San Millan exit of the La Latina metro stop to the Plaza de Cascorro all the way to the Ronda de Toledo to the south. Plaza de la Paja is another interesting and entertaining spot of this neighborhood. On the other side, La Latina borders with Plaza Mayor and another ancient part of the town, Los Austrias, where you can find the beautiful Palacio Real (Royal Palace).

The district is found over Quaternary terrains. There are several promontories in the ground: Bermejo, Cerro de la Piedra, Cerro de los Alemanes, Cerro de los Cuervos, Cerro de la Mica (the highest one) and Cerro Almodóvar.

The district was included in the 1845 administrative division of Madrid in 10 districts. It included all the so-called los Carabancheles districts which were added to the city of Madrid as the district of Carabanchel in 1948. In 1971 that district was divided in the three current districts: Usera, Carabanchel and Latina.

The Civil Aviation Accident and Incident Investigation Commission has its headquarters in Latina.

Moncloa-Aravaca

WardsCasa de Campo, Argüelles, Ciudad Universitaria, Valdezarza, Valdemarín, El Plantío, Aravaca.

The Colegio Japonés de Madrid, the Japanese international school in Madrid, is located in the El Plantío area.

Aravaca

Aravaca is an upper-class residential suburb in the northwest of Madrid. During the Spanish Civil War the front was stabilized here for almost three years. Aravaca and its surroundings include parkland and wooded areas such as Casa de Campo.

Aravaca is a ward (Barrio) of the city of Madrid, in Moncloa-Aravaca district. It is 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from the city centre, on the other side of Casa de Campo park. The population of the barrio is 29,547 (January 2006), divided between three areas: Aravaca (23,145), Valdemarín (4,000) and El Plantío (2,469)

During the Spanish Civil War, Aravaca was on the front line for three years in the Siege of Madrid (1936-39). One may still find military bunkers used by Franco's attacking troops in the parks and woods. The old town was completely devastated and was rebuilt in the forties. Dating from this years are the parish church and some houses in Baja de la Iglesia street, all designed in the old Castilian style.

Until 1951 Aravaca was an independent city within Madrid province with its own town hall and mayor. During the long Spanish postwar period (1940-1959) millions of Spaniards left their homes in the poor provinces to migrate to industrial areas such as Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia and the Basque Country. Aravaca grew quickly between 1950 and 1980 and became a middle-class residential suburb.

From 1990, thanks to new urban plans, the population of Aravaca has doubled and the streets are now connected with the neighbouring town of Pozuelo de Alarcón. The population today is about 30,000 people, mainly commuters who work in Madrid and in the metropolitan area. The public transport network is efficient with buses every 10 minutes to the centre, a railway station and a Metro line.

Casa de Campo

The Casa de Campo (for Spanish: Country House) is the largest urban park situated west of central Madrid, (Spain). It was formerly a royal hunting estate. Its area is more than 1,750 hectares (6.8 sq mi).

An amusement park, the Parque de Atracciones de Madrid, and the Madrid Zoo are located inside the park. It is common for families from Madrid to spend days in the park, enjoying the nice weather and looking at the wildlife that may be seen around (mostly squirrels, rabbits and different kinds of birds).

In 1936–39, during the Spanish Civil War, the front lines of the Siege of Madrid ran through the Casa de Campo, where the Republicans had halted a nationalist offensive in November 1936.

The park can be accessed via the Teleferico, a gondola with pick up point inside the Parque del Oeste on the west end of Madrid. The drop-off point houses a restaurant with an overlook of Madrid, playgrounds (both inside and outside), and access to trails. Also, there are several mountain bike trails within the park. It is very family-friendly.

As of December 2014, there is little evidence of prostitution around the Teleferico drop-off area

The park is also known as an area to find prostitutes, many of whom are unwilling. The complaints received at the influx of sex workers wearing little clothing have been rejected by the police as the clothing is required for their job.

Moratalaz

WardsPavones, Horcajo, Marroquina, Media Legua, Fontarrón, Vinateros.

Moratalaz is a district of Madrid, Spain. It is a well known area because musicians such as Melendi and Alejandro Sanz have lived there. Moratalaz is on east of municipality of Madrid, it has 6.34 km² of surface area and is delineated by the highways of M-30 to the west, M-40 to the east, M23 to the north and A-3 to the south.

Moratalaz arose as a commuter suburb of Madrid during the 1960s. Famous inhabitants of the district have been Elvira Lindo, Melendi, el Dioni, Alejandro Sanz, "Cleanhead" Joe McGaha and Letizia Ortiz.

Before 1960, Moratalaz was only an agglomeration of barely 40 houses with only one paved street. It was located midway on a road that connected Madrid's main cemetery Cementerio de la Almudena with the then unincorporated village of Vallecas. Sin The Colonia Del Ferrocarril was a housing project in the '60s that was developed in Moratalaz. The Madrid-Arganda Del Rey train stopped there, and Moratalaz kept growing.

A military property gave birth to what today is one of the main streets of the district, Calle Del Pico De Los Artilleros. And an old road connecting Madrid with Castilla La Mancha gave rise to Moratalaz's main avenue, Camino De Los Vinateros.

There was extraordinary and uncontrolled development in the 1970s, thanks to the programs of the Ministry of the Housing and the construction company Urbis. That led to the typical wide avenues and open spaces of Moratalaz, where traffic lanes are separated from houses by a wide green zone in between. That concept was not very popular in the '70s, but nowadays it's much appreciated, as it's an excellent measure against noise pollution.

The distinctive emblem of Public Housing during Franco's dictatorship (A yoke traversed with arrows) can still be found in the older blocks dating from that era.

Valencian Antonio Galbis holds the Guinness Book of World Records for the largest paella that 100,000 people in Moratalaz enjoyed in 2001. Several giant cranes, rakes, a paella pan of 400 square meters, 6,000 kilograms of rice, 12,500 of chicken and rabbit, 5,000 of vegetables, 11,000 liters of virgin olive oil, 300 kilograms of salt, 26 kilograms of pimentón (smoked paprika), 16 kilograms of annatto and a kilogram of ground saffron were used.

Moratalaz is famous for its big parks and open spaces. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons) maintains a temple in the district. It is the only Mormon temple located in Spain.

Puente de Vallecas

WardsEntrevías, San Diego, Palomeras Bajas, Palomeras Sureste, Portazgo, Numancia.

Vallecas is a working-class residential district in the south of Madrid. 

Retiro

WardsPacífico, Adelfas, Estrella, Ibiza, Jerónimos, Niño Jesús.

Barrio Retiro is a classic neighborhood surrounding the famous Retiro Park, to the east of the center of the city. It is demographically the oldest neighborhood in the city, however over the past 5 years the increasing number of flats put for rent have been attracting young people and students to the area in growing numbers, and the diversity of the gastronomical fare in the neighborhood reflects this. The neighborhood can be characterized by the style of its three most important areas; in the north part centering on the calle Ibiza, the streets are in a grid pattern and the buildings, normally 6-10 storeys, are packed closely together, creating a bustling atmosphere of small shops, bars, and restaurants. This area is very similar to the neighboring Salamanca district. In the south, called Niño Jesus, the area is quieter, more spacious, and residential. To the west of the park (but still included within the parameters of Barrio Retiro) is the Jerónimos area, an area of beautiful 18th and 19th century buildings and many museums (including the Prado). This area, however, has few private residences, the large flats (often above 200 m²/2,150 sq ft) being mainly used for offices.

Salamanca

WardsAlonso Martínez, Recoletos, Goya, Parque de las Avenidas, Fuente del Berro, Guindalera, Lista, Castellana.

The population of Madrid at the beginning of the 19th century was about 220.000, increasing to 300.000 inhabitants in the late 1850s. However, the city was still enclosed within the defensive wall built in 1625 by king Philip IV of Spain, which blocked the city growth. In 1857, government allowed the then Minister of Public Works and Transportation Claudio Moyano to expand the city (Plan Castro). Queen Isabella II allowed so in 1860 and the defensive walls were torn down in order to build the first Madrilian ensanche. Don José de Salamanca y Mayol, Marquis of Salamanca, gave his name to the area because of his involvement in the project. It was completely urbanized by 1927.

Since then, the Salamanca district has been one of the most representative areas for bourgeois madrileños. Salamanca is in the outer area of the "Rondas", where the neighborhoods of Guindalera and Fuente del Berro originated with more spontaneous urban development. Marqués de Salamanca Square separates the wealthy area from the more popular parts of the district. Nowadays, the Salamanca district is one of the wealthiest areas in Madrid and some of its streets, such as Goya or Serrano are part of the most expensive streets in Spain.

The district of Salamanca had more than 72% of its votes given to the People's Party (conservative) in the Spanish regional elections of 2007 as well as in 2003 in both elections being the candidates to the City Hall and the Autonomous Community Alberto Ruiz Gallardón and Esperanza Aguirre respectively (both currently in office). The district has also voted strongly in favor of the People's Party in all the recent spanish general elections as well as the European Parliament elections in 2009 and before.

Salamanca is well known for being one of the wealthiest and expensive areas in Madrid, with a high living cost and one of the highest real estate prices in the city. Serrano street is listed as the third most expensive street in Spain (with Preciados street, also in Madrid the first) according to Cushman & Wakefield.

A significant number of diplomatic missions are set in Salamanca district, such as the Switzerland embassy at Nuñez de Balboa with Goya street, the French embassy at Villalar Street, the United States embassy at 74 Serrano street, or the Italian embassy in Juan Bravo Street.

Salamanca is also home to the IE Business School (previously Instituto de Empresa) which is ranked among the top 10 business schools in the world.

San Blas

WardsSimancas, Hellín, Amposta, Arcos, Rosas, Rejas, Canillejas, Salvador.

The municipality of Canillejas was one of the oldest towns in the Community of Madrid, annexed to the city in 1949. When Madrid was divided into different districts, it did not manage to recover the name of Canillejas as the name of the district, something different from what happened with other municipalities that conserved their names, such as Barajas, Vicálvaro, Carabanchel or Villaverde.

Canillejas

Canillejas is a suburb of Madrid, Spain, lying to the east of the city. It is located in San Blas district which formerly composed the old town of Canillejas that was annexed to Madrid in 1949.  The Fiestas de Canillejas takes place from the 1 to 7 of September. Canillejas is one of the last stations on the number 5 line of the Madrid Metro.

Canillejas is a middle class area and is close to the Barajas Airport. It has grown extensively in the last two decades. It was the last suburb before reaching the Campos (countryside), but has since been flanked by new growth. Heading towards the center of the city, its main street becomes the Calle De Alcalá on which many of Madrid's landmarks are including the bullring, Retiro Park and eventually ending in Puerta del Sol.

Tetuán

WardsBellas Vistas, Cuatro Caminos, Castillejos, Almenara, Valdeacederas, Berruguete.

When Leopoldo O'Donnell returned with his forces to Spain after the Battle of Tétouan (1861), he camped at a spot north of Madrid while a triumphal entry into the capital was being arranged. The camp, which acquired permanent structures as well as shops over time, became the Madrid neighborhood known as "Tetuán de las Victorias" (Tetuan of the Victories). When an administrative reorganisation took place in the 60s, some of the villages close to Madrid which had been reached by Madrid's enormous growing due to francoist politics were joined to Madrid, and so Tetuán de las Victorias became a district in the bigger city of Madrid.

Some areas of Tetuán have very old houses, and therefore it is inhabited by many immigrants from South America and Sub-Saharan Africa. But also there are located in the district some of the most relevant skyscrapers of the city, such as the Picasso Tower, making it an important business area.

Tetuán is the location for the Madrid Central Mosque, the second biggest mosque in Madrid, and is a center of Islamic culture and religion in Spain.

Cuatro Caminos

Nuevos Ministerios

Nuevos Ministerios (AZCA) is the financial district. The area is populated by skyscrapers, among them Torre Picasso–157 metres (515 ft), Edificio BBVA–107 metres (351 ft) and Torre Europa–115 metres (377 ft). Torre Windsor, one of the skyscrapers in this area, burnt entirely on the night between 12th and 13 February 2005 . A very large (3 interconnected buildings) El Corte Inglés department store is also here. The area is directly linked to Barajas Airport by metro line 8 from Nuevos Ministerios station. It's the Parkour centre of Madrid.

Usera

WardsOrcasitas, Orcasur, San Fermín, Almendrales, Moscardó, Zofío, Pradolongo.

Vicálvaro

WardsCasco Histórico de Vicálvaro, Ambroz.

Villa de Vallecas

WardsCasco Histórico de Vallecas, Santa Eugenia.

Vallecas is a working-class residential district in the south of Madrid. 

Villaverde

WardsSan Andrés, San Cristóbal, Butarque, Los Rosales, Los Ángeles.

The municipality was absorbed by Madrid in the 1950s as a result of the plans that the Franco government made to simplify the structure of big city administrations. Since then, is a district. It was in those years when it experimented a massive growth caused by the rural flight in Spain. This is the reason that made Villaverde a typical working class neighbourhood.

This condition leaves a heavy footprint in the district, because it has conditioned the current population composition, with many retired people (some of them returning to their towns in Andalusia, Castile-León, ...) and immigrants attracted by the housing cheap prices.

Los Ángeles

San Cristóbal de Los Ángeles is a neighborhood on the southern outskirts of Madrid, belonging to the working-class district of Villaverde. The growing immigration rate (over 45% in 2007) has boosted its population to 18,000 inhabitants.